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Ancient sites on the Bodrum peninsula

there are still a lot of places not being excavated!


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discover more on Bodrum

eine Bodrum Photo Tour mit vielen Bildern - Klick hier!

Historischer Reichtum auch auf der Nachbarinsel Kos

A wealth of historical riches also on the neighbour island Cos


Hard to find a place near Bodrum without history, where you step there are treasures under your feet.

Here a summary

map of Bodrum peninsula



First: the Bodrum peninsula
There are still places on the Bodrum peninsula which are not yet excavated, so there is only little knowledge of these ancient cities.

Wer bislang all die bekannten Namen von griechischen Künstlern und Wissenschaftlern dem heutigen Griechenland zuordnete, der muß hier an der türkischen Ägäis schnellstens umlernen.
Herodot, Thales, Praxiteles und wie sie alle hießen, lebten entweder in oder nah bei Bodrum. Selbst Themistokles verbrachte seine letzten Jahre in Magnesia, nah bei Ephesus.

 Bodrum selbst, im Altertum  Halikarnassos genannt, ist eine der bekanntesten antiken Staedte in diesem Raum, es wurde bereits 11. Jhrhdrt. vChr. gegründet worden. Unter dem karischen Herrscher  Mausolos (377-353 v. Chr.) erlebte Halikarnassos seine Bütezeit, sein prachtvolles Grab war eines der sieben Weltwunder. Im Mittelalter hatten die Johanniter von Rhodos hier einen Stützpunkt; sie bauten das Kastell, benutzten dafür aber das  Mausoleum als Steinbruch.
Sehenswert sind außerdem das
 Myndos Tor, (ebenfalls aus der Zeit der König Mausolos), jüngst freigelegt von Ericsson und Türkcell, sowie das  Amphi Theater, von dem man bei Sonnenuntergang den besten Blick auf Bodrum hat.


Myndus like the rest of the lelegian cities, has not been excavated. For this rea-son, we do not have detailed information
about the city.

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Zeustemple Labranda


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Die Bodrum Postkarte

Dominierend in Bodrum - die Burg

Landmark of Bodrum - the castle

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eine weitere Version des Mausoleums

another Version of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassos

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There are still places on the Bodrum peninsula which are not yet excavated, so there is only little knowledge of these ancient cities.
Pedasa is a Lelegian city which has come down to our day in a better state of preservation than the others. Located in the area of Gökçeler, behind Konacik. IT is one hour's walk from Bodrum to Pedasa and we advise to take along a guide.
Gökçeler, today, is a place where only a few shepherds graze their animals. Hardly anything has remained of antique Pedasa except for the inner castle. However, some structural remains can be seen on the surface of the ground. The inner castle, especially the eastern section, is in a fairly good condition. The narrow gates of the castle, built with the ashlar technique, were fortified with towers. The inner castle was built on a high rock.
Herodotus has written that, from Caria, only the people of Pedasa put up some resistance against the Persian invasion, which took place after the fall of the Lydian capital Sardis in 546 B.C. Herodotus says that when a calamity was to befall the city or one of her neighbours, the priestesses of the Athena temple started growing beards. He adds that this happened three times in Pedasa's history, and was the same case before the arrival of the Persians.

The other Lelegian cities of the peninsula were built on mountain tops. The settlement of Telmissus is located on the~ Asartepe mountain behind the village of Gurece, which can be reached easily. At the peak there is a tower, built of rectangular stone blocks, still standing. The tower controls the surroundings. The general character of Lelegian cities, consisting of an inner castle and an area surrounded by a wall, can be observed here. Besides the city, in the vicinity can be seen some tombs carved in rock.

Since no scientific excavations have yet been carded out in the region, our knowledge about the city depends mainly on information given by writers of antiquity.
A vehicle can be taken from Turgutreis, and following the road southwards, the village of Akyarlar on the seashore will be reached. Half an hour's walk from the village will take the visitor to the ancient city. The gates are located on the eastern and western sides of the city. Inside the inner castle, which rises on the peak of Asartepe, remains of some buildings and cisterns can be seen. After the transfer of the inhabitants of Termera to Halicarnassus, the city was used as a sort of prison by Maussollos.

Diese lelegische Siedlung ist von einer turmbestandenen Befestigungsmauer umgeben. Dort sind aus soliden Steinen errichtete, für den Volksgebrauch bestimmte Gebäude, wie das Stadtrathaus, der Marktplatz und der Heroon-Tempel zu sehen .

Myndos Tor


Myndos Tor in Bodrum


The Classical Age Myndus, frequently mentioned by writers of antiquity, was founded by Maussollos. Easy to reach, it is worth seeing. The major remains which can be seen are: Parts of the city wall, the antique break-water and remains of its tower, both immersed in the sea today, a church of Byzantine period and the remainder of a wall which was once thought to be Lelegian. Not even a trace of the stadium and the theatre, mentioned by writers of the past century, remains today. When the surroundings are observed carefully, columns covered with earth, traces of mosaics and ceramic piec-es can be seen scattered around almost everywhere. The city of Myndus, once sieged unsuccessfully by Alexander the Great, today is a pleasant fishing village.

Thiangela ist eine, von Befestigungsmauern umgebene lelegische Stadt. Unter Mausolos wurde die Bevölkerung der umliegenden Siedlungen hier zwangsangesiedelt, die Stadt erhielt einen neuen rechteckigen, geordneten Stadtplan und wurde ausgebaut.
Madnasa ist eine zwischen Türkbükü und Gölköy gelegene befestigte lelegische Siedlung.
Hier sind Befestigungsmauern und zwei Türme vorhanden.

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auf diesem zeitgenössischem Stich sieht man die in die Mauern eigelassenen Friese des Mausoleums

auf diesem zeitgenössischen Stich sieht man die in die Mauern eigelassenen Friese des Mausoleums

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